When we look at things that seem to be causes and effects in the universe, we realize that the most elevated cause is incapable of creating the most ordinary effect. This means that natural causes are a veil, and something else behind the scenes makes the effects. To take only a small example out of innumerable creatures, let us consider the faculty of memory. Our faculty of memory is associated with a small part within the brain. We see that the memory is like a comprehensive book, or even a library, containing incredible information about human life with amazing precision. Indeed, our power of memory is a miracle…
Now, what is the cause of this miraculous work? Is it the grey matter of the brain? Can the simple unconscious particles of its cells be the genuine causes of this? Or is it mere chance and coincidence that produces this incredible faculty of memory? No, rather, that miracle of art can only be the work of an All-Wise Maker…
Indeed, since they are comparable to human faculty of memory, consider also all eggs, seeds, and grains [where vast information is stored with incredible precision]. Then, to these small and comprehensive miracles compare other events in nature… Whichever effect and creature you look at, it contains such wonderful art that not only its common, simple cause, but if all causes were to gather, they would not be able to create such effects.
O People! A parable is set forth [herewith]; hearken, then, to it! Behold, those beings whom you invoke instead of God cannot create [as much as] a fly, even were they to join all their forces to that end! (Q. 22:73)
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